It were Forence(city of flower) called Firenze and Venezia that we
have to look hard at. These two places were the centers of the art and
trade world. The intellectuals and artists had more experience of
contacting new cultures than any other cities in Europe then. Research
about the Ancient Culture made it possible to cultivate a lot of intellectuals
who were good at sculpture and painting. Finally, they changed into
professional artists. It had good reason to say that the Renaissant
color sensation which had been developed in Florence and Venezia
influenced on the Benetton Color.
( Dome of Florence Cathedral )
Filippo Brunelleschi 1420~36.
Brunelleschi Flippo, famous architect in early Renaissance Age, found
scholars, today, say that painters should have mathematical basic
concepts and geometric knowledge to express perspective. Interest
about human body brought the accumulation of anatomi-
Education about humanism gave the themes of paintings and it had
a great role of promoting their social standings. So they got a great
name as a master.
( Faith )                  ( Holy Trinity with the ,
Giotto di Bondone                 St John and donors )
c. 1305                            Masaccio c. 1427
We can see the spirit of Renaissance in Florentine painter Giotto
de Bondone(c.1267~1337) and Masaccio. And others, Angelico
Fra, Uccello Paolo and Botticello Sandro, occupied important
positions in the Renaissance Age.
Rome was in the golden age of Renaissance. Rome developed new
beauty which expressed new molding theory, and elegance.
( Mona Lisa )                         ( Vitruvian Man )
Leonardo da Vinci c. 1502           Leonardo da Vinci c. 1487
There was well-known painters in those times such as Leonardo
da Vinci, Raphaello Santi and Michelangelo Buonarroti. These
painters were recognized as precious ones and they pursued the
dignity of man. Michelangelo's 'The creation of Adam' shows
extremely talented ability in the late Renaissant Age. Figure paintings
were introduced in those times.
( Madonna del Granduca )             ( The Alba Madonna )
Holy pictures, and self-portraits Statues of semi-lateral-surface
spreaded over the times. A skill of semi-lateral-surface was
popular with the painters mentioned above. This skill helped the
painters express - objects' personalities and spirits much better
Raphael c. 1505                           Raphael c. 1510
(The creation of Adam) Michelangelo.
part of sistine ceiling painting c. 1508~12
Churches extened its' buildings to stop the fall of its' dignities. Just
then Michelangelo had hardly finished his great work on the Sistine
Ceiling in 1512. After 5 years, the Reformation occurred in Europe.
Painting in Reformation didn't expressed quest for the new world
but dignity and stoicism of the churches. For this reason, the Last
Judge which had a lot of nude statues had been painted again.
( Sistine Chapel Vatican )
Michelangelo c. 1508~12
( Part of Sistine Chapel ceiling )
(1) Features - Realistic arts which affirmed the actual beauty of
men's and nature's were begun. New ways of
thinking developed between merchants and indu-
strialists in Firenze.
(2) Architectures - Renaissant style.
®Á Florence Cathedral dome - Brunelleschi, Filippo.
®Ť St. Pietro in Montorio, Rom - Bramante, Donato
®Á Donatello - [Gattamelata], [St George].
®Ť Michelangelo - [David], [Mose], [The dying slave].
®Õ Giotto di Bondone - a herald a Renaissaint painting.
®ő Masaccio - [The Expulsion]
®Ō Angelico, Fra - [The Annunciation]
®– Botticelli, sandro - [The birth of Venus] represents the
spirit of Renaissance which pursues
actual beauty through the ancient
®— Leonardo da Vinci - [The Last Supper] : master of Linear
®“ Michelangelo Buonarroti - sculpturesque and powerful
human bodies were made.
[The Creation], [The Last
Judge]. They were elegant and
®” Raphael - many Madonnas, elegance and mildness.
* Firenze school: Sketching is emphasized.
Venezia school : Color is emphasized.
( Titian, Giorgione, Tintoretto, Gio vanni Bellini )