was so great an artist, so searching and all-encompassing a thinker, that he was almost a Renaissance in his own right-and his work was admired by contemporaries in North and
South alike. The 16th century saw the emergence of a new type
of patron, not the grand aristocrat but the bourgeois, eager to
purchase pictures in the newly developed medium of woodcut
printing. The new century also brought an interest in Humanism and science, and a market for books, many of which were
illustrated with woodcuts. The accuracy and inner perception
of 's art represent one aspect of German portraiture.