Lihue is the main city of Kauai. The major airport on the island is located here, along with all the state buildings. It is the most developed part of Kauai with lots of small businesses, housing sub-divisions, a few elementary schools, movie theaters, fitness clubs, a high school, a mall, lots of great places for local food like Hanamalu Cafe, Duke's Canoe Club, and Hamura's Saimin. There are not very many burial sites here, because when the sugar cane industry came, they just planted their crops not knowing what they were covering up. Lihue is home to the majority of Kauai's population. Even though it sounds really busy, life is still very laid back here. There are lots of beautiful beaches like Kalapaki Beach, and lots of endless canefields.
Princeville and Hanalei are located on the north shore of the island. This area has a lot of cool places to visit like the Kilauea Light house, the Guava Kai Plantation, and the wet and dry caves. The scenery of this part of the island has been in many movies including Jurassic Park, Raiders of the Lost Ark, and Outbreak. This is also home of the famous Na Pali coast--A series of steep cliffs that drop off to the ocean. There are a lot of neat hiking trails with breathtaking scenery on the way. This are is what you might call the scenic part of Kauai.
The Koloa Poipu area is located on the south shore of Kauai. This is where all of the warm beaches are. This is a major resort area with hotels everywhere. Some of the popular beaches are Poipu beach, Shipwreck beach, and Brenneke's. There are a lot of good restaurants here with good seafood. A major attraction is the Spouting Horn. This is an old lava tube that spouts water straight up into the air when the waves crash below it. If you love to go to the beach then Koloa is the place to go. As with any other area with lots of beaches, Koloa has a lot of archaeological burial sites, especially near the Keoniloa sand dunes. As a result, many developers of this area were required to complete comprehensive archaeological surveys in addition to the environmental impact statement.