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Landslides and Mudflows
Before a Landslide
Get a ground assessment of your property. Minimize home hazards by planting ground cover on slopes and build retaining walls. In mudflow areas, build channels or deflection walls to direct the flow around buildings.
Learn to recognize the landslide warning signs, such as new cracks appearing in plaster, tile, brick, or foundations; outside walls, walks, or stairs starting to pull away from the building, or bulging ground appearing at the base of a slope.
Make evacuation plans. Plan at least two evacuation routes since roads may become blocked or closed. Have an emergency communication plan.
During a Landslide
If inside a building, stay inside and take cover under a desk, table or other piece of sturdy furniture.
If outdoors, try and get out of the path of the landslide or mudflow. Run to the nearest high ground in a direction away from the path. If rocks and other debris are approaching, run for the nearest shelter such as a group of trees or a building. If escape is not possible, curl into a tight ball and protect your head.
After a Landslide
Stay away from the slide area. Remember that flooding may occur after a mudflow or a landslide.
Check for injured and trapped persons near the slide area. Check for damaged utility lines and report any damage to the utility company. Check the building foundation, chimney and surrounding land for damage.
Replant damaged ground as soon as possible since erosion caused by loss of ground cover can lead to flash flooding.
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Source: Federal Emergency Management Agency
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