The creators of this site acknowledge many people and
organizations for their help for giving us permission to use their media files and well as
other data which has been properly cited throughout our site. We would especially
like to recognize Thinkquest for providing us with this unique
opportunity and our coaches for their guidance on our site:
[PLEASE READ OUR DISCLAIMER]
If we forgot to mention someone, it was purely accidental, and we apologize greatly. In alphabetical order, we acknowledge:
Dr. Jose Vergara Ahumada is one of our team's coaches from Chile.
He is very interested in weather predictions. We met Dr. Vergara online and
he seemed very interested working with us a coach for our ThinkQuest team. Our team
thought it was very interesting to communicate with someone from Chile. Dr. Vergara speaks
very little English, primarily Spanish, so at times it is very difficult to communicate
with him. However, we thought it was very exciting to work with someone from South
America. He can be reached via email at firstname.lastname@example.org
or at his homepage at http://metosrv2.umd.edu/~jose/.
Alan Blayne is our head coach from Half
Hollow Hills High School West in Dix Hills, New York. He is a Mathematics teacher, and
currently teaches Advanced Placement Calculus, and Pre-Calculus in our school. Mr.
Blayne has received several teacher of the year awards for his dedication to the teaching
profession. He enjoys working with his students outside of the classroom, as well and is
the advisor to the school's Academic Quiz Bowl Team. Mr. Blayne has previously been
a coach for a Thinkquest project on the Holocaust. As head coach, he kept our team on task
and made sure all team members were working on their respective tasks. He was easily
accessible and communicated well with out team members and the other coaches. He is
very enthusiastic, dynamic, and task oriented and ensured that our team was maturing and
progressing with our website. He can be reached via email at AlanBlayne@aol.com.
Blackadar, Alfred. "Meteorology". Microsoft Encarta 1998. Microsoft. This article was very useful for us while producing our introduction to meteorology.
Christian is our dedicated coach from Germany. We met him online and discussed via the internet whether he would be interested in coaching our team for a Thinkquest project. We chose him as our coach because he seemed interested, and we were intrigued at the prospect of having a coach from Europe. Christian is student of business administration and communications design in Germany. He sees his future in the field of design, marketing and advertisement. Born to German/American parents, Christian is bilingual and has American citizenship. He plans to further his study in America later. His assistance on the "El Niņo" website consisted mainly of guidance in the conception of navigation. .
We would like to cite Command-O Software for our use of their mailfile CGI script.
NBS News Correspondent George Lewis reports in this article from MSNBC about predicting El Niņo. This page also contains an exciting Shockwave Movie which explains the effects of El Niņo is North America. This information helped us in producing our interactive maps of the United States of America.
This site by Christina Johnson is a very in-depth site about the cuases and the effects of EL Niņo which uses pictures and diagrams to beatifully explain El Niņo. Visit this site at http://www.elnino.com.
This page by ESIG/NCAR discusses in depth what El Niņo teleconnections are and, more importantly, what is being done about them.
Fairbridge, Roads. "Climate". Microsoft Encarta 1998. Microsoft. This articles was very helpful throughout the entire Impacts section.
FEMA is an organization formed in 1979 which produces reports to the President and also information about natural disasters. We have made our best effort by including an entire section, The Preparation, which will hopefully increase awareness of how to act and prepare for these disasters. FEMA's goal, to quote from their web site, is "to reduce loss of life and property and protect our nation's critical infrastructure from all types of hazards through a comprehensive, risk-based, emergency management program of mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery."
Glantz, Michael H. Currents of Change: El Niņo's impact on climate and society. Published in 1996 at Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom. This book was a great source of information for the site; it was useful especially for information for our interactive maps. We have also used Mr. Glantz's definition of El Niņo in our Name and Meaning section and throughout our site.
We would like to heartily thank Susan Gee from JPL/NASA/Caltech for giving us permission to use much information on the TOPEX/Poseidon Satellite through email. We have credited data, media clips such as the countdown of the satellite, the satellite in action [QuickTime Movie], and pictures of satellites in our Prediction Methods section to JPL/NASA/Caltech.
Nicholls, N. The El Niņo/Southern Oscillation phenomenon. 1986, New York, UN Publications. Nicholls' definition of the phases for El Niņo is the most common one accepted; thus, it is used in our Phases of El Niņo section.
Visit this site by ABC news which shows how to prepare
for "Hell Niņo". This site also contains an interactive map which
shows the effects of El Niņo. It contains information from Mr. James Lee Witt,
director of FEMA.
Partridge, I. J.. Will it Rain? Brisbane: Department of Primary Industries, 1991. A quote from book was presented in our Benefits of Predictions Section.
Much of our data has been provided courtesy of RE Media. RE Media has given us permission through phone to use the roofing interviews, interviews with Pierre Tardif about flooding insurance, the job of climatologists with Mr. Mark Moede from the NWS, and the computer produced images of Kelvin and Rossby Waves courtesy of Dr. Steven Myers. RE Media has also been gracious enough to allow us to use images with proper citations throughout our site, and especially in our Impacts section.
We would like to thank Jayakrishan for allowing us to use his freeware site Search CGI script, and letting us modify it for our needs.
In-depth information about the social economic costs of El Niņo is provided in this page by the Earth Science Research Group.
The Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean (TAO) Project Office, Dr. Michael J. McPhaden, Director, produces data, information, and diagrams on E Niņo, La Niņa and other natural phenomenons. Their page on the web can be visited at TAO Project Home.
Thinkquest is the annual competition for 12-19 year old students which this site has been created for. We are very gracious to Thinkquest for allowing us to collaborate to produce a site which they host. Their page on the web can be reached at http://www.thinkquest.org.
This is a site maintained by JPL/NASA that speaks about the job of the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite using altimeters and other instruments. This site was very helpful to us in the production of the Prediction Methods section. http://topex-www.jpl.nasa.gov/discover/ocean_planet.html
This is a site maintained by JPL/NASA that provides an exicitng tutorial about the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite. This site is amust for anyone who wishes to learn more about the satellite or predictions in general. http://topex-www.jpl.nasa.gov/education/tutorial1.html
Trillmich, Fritz and Ono, Catherine. Pinnipeds and El Nino. Published in 1991 by Springer-Verlag. Information from this book was presented in our Impacts on Pinnipeds Section.
Universityof Washington - President Richard McCormick. Their images of Sir Gilbert Walker and Jacob Bjerknes were used in our "The Hype" section with permission. You can visit their page on the web at http://www.washington.edu.
We would like to thank Mr. Eric Rounds from Wingspan for assisting us with the development of our shockwave menus. His assistance also caused us to learn a great deal about Macromedia Flash. Using the latest in Web Site Design and Technology, Wingspan excels in producing captivating Web content not limited to just static pages. Full multimedia capabilities bring your Web Site together with Shockwave for Director and Flash as well as Apple's QuickTime and QuickTimeVR. And now with Microsoft's and Netscape's Dynamic HTML, Web Site design has no limits! WINGSPAN Quality - Speed - Delivery