The background of inventing Hangul was well described in the chapter
42 of Sejongsilrok which is a history book written in the old days.
Vowels were made with 3 basic letters. Those basic 3 important
letters are ¡°.¡±which simbolizes Heaven, ¡°¡±which symbolizes
the earth and ¡°¡± which symbolizes human beings.
And other 8 vowels were made combining those 3 basic letters.
In case of consonants ,they made basic 5 of them after the shape
of organs which produces sounds(such as mouth and throat) and the
rest was made with combination of those basic 5 letters.
G.Sampson who is a famous professor working at the computer
department at Sussex University in U.K mentioned as follows.
"There is no doubt that Hangul is the greatest writing system in the world from
a scientific viewpoint. There is no precedent in the world,
as Hangul was made according to certain principles.
Above all, Hangul is a scientific system, invented systematically
following the shapes of vocal organs as they make sounds.
Furthermore, the writing system reflects the characteristic of the sounds.
For example, T and N in English represent sounds, but they have
nothing to do with the shape of vocal organs.
But '' in Hangul, which corresponds to the English N,
was made from the way the tongue touches the gums, while ''
which corresponds to T is made by adding a stroke to '' showing
that these two sounds come from the same area.
Each letter of han-gul was made in this way, with the shapes
of the vocal organs in mind.
Many Western scholars and intellectuals who are knowledgeable
about the scientific aspects of Hangul are very impressed
by the principles behind its invention."
Also Prof.Byun of the computer department from
Dong-Kuk University in Korea had said that
"The computer, which we think of as all-powerful, is driven by the repetition of
two numbers--0 and 1-according to certain rules, but it has propelled
the world into the information age almost instantaneously.
It is the same with music.
In Western music, seven notes--do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti-are used to create
innumerable scores from the classical works of Mozart
to the rap songs of Seo Taiji that Korean adolescents love.
The same is true with Hangul.
It is a characteristic of Hangul that the limited code of 24 letters,
sfter several rules are applied, creates an unlimited number of sounds.
In this way, Hangul is more scientific than any other writing system, and it is based
on the same principles as the computer, a product of modern science."