The range of this plant is Ecuador. It grows on bark of trees in the rainforests at the Andes about 500 - 1000 feet (152-305m) of elevation.
The tufts of this plant usually hang on barks of rainforest trees. The stems usually measure 2 inches (5cm) long.
Reproductive information about the Spruceanthus theobromae is not available.
The last Spruceanthus theobromae specimen collected was in 1947 in Los Rios, Ecuador. It is uncertain if there are still Spruceanthus theobromae in the area. This plant is very significant because it is the only species representative of Spruceanthus in the New World.