Black Rhinoceros roam the areas of eastern and southern Africa. They live in bushes, forests, and grasslands. The rhinos, because of their endangerment, are under protection. The largest populations of rhinos are located in Namibia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. They total to about 2550 in these areas.
From the ground to the shoulder, rhinos measure about 4.5 -5 feet (1.37 - 1.52m) tall. They weigh about 2000 - 4000 pounds (900 - 1800kg). Their life span is about 35 - 40 years.
Rhinos produce 1 calf every 2 -4 years. The gestation period is about 15 months.
The rhinos are solely vegetarian. They chew on shrubs, grass, herbs, twigs, and leaves.
The horns of the rhinos are made of hair-like fibers. They grow about 3 inches (7.62cm) each year throughout the life of the rhinos. These horns, supposedly, are used for their protection, but instead they are the major reason why people kill rhinos. Hunters illegally hunt down rhinos for their horns and thick hide. Since the 1970s, the population of rhinos dropped from 70,000 to only 3000 in 1992. There are 2 markets for rhino horns trade, pharmaceutical, and sport daggers. Daggers with rhino horn handle, call djambias in the Middle East, are highly priced.
Wildlife officials in Namibia saw off the horns of the rhinos as to discourage hunters from killing them. Rhinos, however, like to hide in dark bushes. It is sometimes too late, because of the darkness, for the hunters to notice that they're hornless and kill them anyway.
Other measures to save the endangered Black Rhinos include pressuring governments to stop horn trade and encourage people to use substitutes for their medicine products. The homes of the rhinos also are being destroyed. Officials have preserved their natural habitats and moved them to safer locations. Since rhinos' reproductive rate is low, captive breeding helps to bring up the number of their population.