She was born in 1867
in Warsaw. She graduated high school with a golden medal. In 1891
she left for Paris, where she was studying at Sorbon University.
She graduated of physics
and mathematics at the university. Maria married Peter Curie - 25 July 1895. Soon
after Becquerel discovered
radioactivity, she started to
investigate the problem of radioactivity of different substances.
She proved, that the uranium compound radiation is proportional to
contents of the uranium in the compound. She discovered, that in
some cases the uranium compound radiation is bigger than the
radiation of pure uranium. That means that there is another
radioactive element. This element's radiation should be very big,
bigger than the radiation of uranium. She managed to produce
metallic radium. In 1898 Maria and Peter Curie
announced that they discovered two new radioactive elements -
radium and polonium. In 1903
they received (with Becquerel)
a Nobel Prize. In 1906, after Peter's death, Maria Sklodowska-Curie
succeeded to Sorbon's Radioactivity Department. In 1911 she
received another Nobel Prize (this time in domain of chemistry -
for production of metallic radium).
In 1914 during the first
world war she was organizing the military radiology therapeutics.
She was cofounder of Radium Institute in Paris, where she worked.
Unhappily she had permanent contact with radiation. She felt ill.
It was incurable.
died in 1934.