Creation vs. Evolution
Determining the age of the Earth-
According to the Biblical account of creation, the Earth is
thousands, not billions of years old. The age of the Earth is
important, because in order for evolution to occur, millions of
years are needed. If the Earth is only 7-10 thousand years old as
Creationists claim, then evolution cannot be true. This is why this
is a major topic in the evolution vs. creation debate.The following
dating methods are argued as evidence of a young Earth.
- Accumulation of helium in the earth's
atmosphere. Helium-4 is created by radioactive decay and
is constantly added to the atmosphere. Helium is not light enough
to escape the Earth's gravity (unlike hydrogen), and it will
therefore accumulate into large quantities over time. The current
level of helium in the atmosphere would accumulate in 200,000 years
or less. So if this is true, the Earth must be young.
- Decay of the Earth's magnetic field. Over the
time that measurements have been recorded, the dipole component of
the earth's magnetic field has decreased. Assuming the earth's
initial magnetic field has been decreasing ever since its creation
would lead to the conclusion that the Earth is young. Assuming a
half-life of 1400 years based on 130 years' worth of data, the
earth's magnetic field would have been impossibly high, even as few
as 8,000 years ago. Therefore, based on this dating method, the
Earth must be younger than that.
- Accumulation of Moon dust. A measurement by
Hans Pettersson indicated that the Earth receives millions of tons
per year of meteoric dust influx. It can be argued, then, that the
Moon receives a similar amount. Assuming that the Moon receives
about 25% as much dust due to its lower gravity, a 4.5
billion-year-old Moon would have a dust layer a hundred feet thick,
which is not the case.
- Accumulation of metals in the oceans. This
dating method is based on the amount of metals currently present in
the oceans and the amount of metals carried by rivers into the
oceans each year. Assuming the amount of metals carried into the
oceans by rivers has been constant since the creation of the Earth,
this method indicates that the Earth is young. These estimates vary
widely depending on what metal is considered. However, all metals
yield an age for the Earth of much less than one billion years,
using this method.
These dating methods are contested by Evolutionists. For a
discussion of their objections, see http://www.pathlights.com/ce_encyclopedia/05agee1.htm.
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