Education in Cuba has been another major accomplishment of the Revolution. Before it, education was unavailable to over half of Cuban children.
In 1960, the revolutionary government began a war on illiteracy. Where nearly a quarter of the population hadn't been able to read before, the campaign ended with an illiteracy rate of 3%.
Nowadays compulsory education through the ninth grade exists in Cuba. From there, students can choose what they want to do next.
Cuban students have always been enthusiastic about their education. The effects of the Special Period and tourism are having some negative effect on this.
Some students choose to go to a pre-collegiate school, technical school, or none at all. If they graduate from the college preparatory school, they can attend college for free if they choose.
Around 7% of the population has graduated from college and 4% have degrees. In addition, there are 1.3 million graduates of technical schools in Cuba.
Like in other countries, students compete for the best educational opportunities. Testing is done to spot talented students.
In many rural areas, students attend boarding schools. At these schools, students work are required to perform agricultural or some other form of manual labor in addition to their studies.