Charles Magoon was born in 1861 in Minnesota. He became a lawyer in Nebraska, and became involved in Cuban affairs soon after the Spanish-American War and became even more involved later.
There was some uncertainty over who would take over in Cuba and the Philippines after the U.S. victory in the Spanish-American war. In both countries, local independence movements were concerned that the expansionist feelings running high in the U.S., America might try to absorb both Cuba and the Philippines.
In 1906, the United States intervened in Cuba for the second time. Rather than returning General Wood to Cuba, President Roosevelt sent down Magoon. This time they wanted a Cuba to set up a civilian government.
Magoon had become involved in military affairs during the Spanish-American War. He governed the Panama Canal Zone from 1905 to 1906 and had visited Tomás Estrada Palma in Cuba for the US Government.
Magoon was not well liked by Cubans. Having spent large amounts of money saved by Estrada Palma, Cubans also considered Magoon greedy and foolish.
Magoon's Government was not corrupt. He pardoned all those who had been involved in the 1906 Revolution and made some unpopular decisions.
In 1907, a major strike occurred. The workers in an American cigar factory went on strike. Magoon chose not to intervene, and the strikers won.
In 1909, Magoon left Cuba, returning home the the U.S. He died in 1920.