- A landslide.
- An intersecting valley complex.
- A lake.
Lagrange, Joseph Louis 1736-1813
- French mathematician and astronomer. Lagrange made a number of contributions to the study of celestial mechanics. He showed that three bodies can lie at the apexes of an equilateral triangle which rotates in its plane. If one of the bodies is sufficiently massive compared with the other
two, then the triangular configuration is apparently stable. Several examples are known in the solar system: Such bodies are sometimes refered to as Trojans. The leading apex of the triangle is known as the leading Lagrange point or L4; the trailing apex is the trailing Lagrange point or L5.
- One of the solutions to the three-body problem discovered by the eighteenth century French mathematician Lagrange; the two stable Lagrangian points, L-4 and L-5, lie in the orbit of the primary body, leading and trailing it by a 60-degree arc.
Lassell, William 1799-1880
- British astronomer. Lassell discovered Neptune's largest satellite, Triton and (with William Cranch Bond) discovered Saturn's moon Hyperion. A successful brewer before turning to astronomy.
- A general term for molten rock that is extruded onto the surface.
- A tunnel formed underneath the surface of a solidfying lava flow.
- The hemisphere that faces forward, into the direction of motion
of a satellite that keeps the same face toward the planet.
- The side of an object that is sheltered from the wind.
- An embankment, continuous dike or ridge.
Le Verrier, Urbain Jean Joseph 1811-1877
- French astronomer. La Verrier's prediction of the position of an undiscovered
planet (Neptune) that caused perturbations in the orbit of Uranus was the first to be confirmed (by Johann Gottfried Galle). However, John Couch Adams had made a similar prediction some months
- Electromagnetic radiation that is visible to the eye.
- The distance light travels in a year, at the rate of 300,000 kilometers
per second (671 million miles per hour); 1 light-year is
equivalent to 9.46053e12 km,
5,880,000,000,000 miles or 63,240 AU.
- The outer edge of the apparent disk of a celestial body.
- An elongate marking.
- Linear topographic feature that may depict crustal structure.
- Having lobes or resembling a lobe.
Lowell, Percival 1855-1916.
- American astronomer. He founded the Lowell Observatory in Arizona (1894), where his studies of Mars led him to believe that the planet was inhabited. His successors later discovered Pluto.