The Saxophone was invented by Adolphe Sax in 1846, as a
means to fill out the middle registers of the Brass Band but nowadays it is more commonly
found as a Jazz instrument. It has a bright, steady but very expressive tone, and is
rarely used in an orchestra due to its poor ability to blend in.
The Saxophone comprises a Clarinet mouthpiece and
keywork with a bent brass body and flared, upward turning bell. Five members of the
original 14 in the saxophone family are in common use; the Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Baritone
Although rare, some modern works make use of the
saxophone, notably Britten's 'Sinfonia da Requiem' and Vaughan Williams' Sixth Symphony.