Nuclear Treaties & Agreements
An agreement between the US, USSR, and UK which prevented nuclear testing
above ground, underwater, and in outer space. But it does allow testing
to occurr underground as long as the radioactive fallout is not widespread.
A total of 116 countries have signed this, and China, who had not signed,
did testing in 1992 that violated the treaty's guidelines.
An agreement between the US, USSR, and UK which banned placing weapons of
mass destruction in orbit, on the moon, or in any other location in outerspace
for military purposes. Eighty-six nations have signed this agreement.
An agreement among the US, USSR, UK, and 133 non nuclear weapon countries
which prevented the spread of nuclear weapons. It made sure that non-nuclear-weapon
countries did not start weapons production. This treaty was made permanent in May 1995.
A Treaty between the US and USSR which limited the anti-ballistic missle
systems to a maximum of 100 ABMS launchers and missles. It also
prohibits the testing and application of any of these components
An agreement between the US and USSR keeping the number of strategic ballistic
missles at the same level for 5 years. The construction of more ICBM silos was restricted,
but SLBM launcher amounts could increase if there was a reduction in ICBM or SLBM.
An agreement between the US and USSR which put a limit on offensive weapons systems
and strategic systems. A 2,400 limit was put on amount of strategic nuclear weapon
delivery vehicles, and a max of 1,320 was put on MIRVed ballistic missles. The U.S.
voided the treaty in 1986.
A treaty between the US and USSR which bans all intermediate range missiles (IRMs),
short range missles, and all associated facilities and equipment. On-site inspection
is used to make sure that both countries are following the treaty.
An agreement between the US and USSR which limited the number of
strategic nuclear delivery vehicles to 1,600. It also limited the
number of warheads per country to 6,000; this treaty reduced the
U.S.'s and Soviet's warheads by 15% and 25% respectively.
This treaty is an agreement between the US and Russia which will further
reduce the number of warheads by 5,000. Both sides must reduce their warheads
by this amount by December 4, 2001.
An agreement signed by the US, CIS, UK, and 90 other
countries which banned all nuclear tests above and below the
Earth's surface. A worldwide monitoring system including 170 seismic stations
checked for any signs of nuclear explosion. India was the
only nuclear country that didn't sign; it has conducted
five nuclear tests recently.
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