Several international groups such as the Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank as well as countries such as Venezuela and Denmark are putting forth funds with which to expand Nicaraguaís road infrastructure by creating new rural roads and repairing major existing roadways. Many of these projects are open to international participation. Two very major projects which are being looked into are a road connecting the Pacific and Atlantic coast and a "Dry Canal" railway which would facilitate Atlantic-Pacific cargo transit.
Corinto Port, which is 160 kilometers from Managua and is on the Pacific coast, is the only port on the coast with a gantry crane and is the most modern. It has three warehouses for storage, one of which is refrigerated, and a large dock and deep channel. Sandino Port, which is much smaller, is only 70 kilometers from Managua but the water is only 3.5 meters deep so only small ships can enter its dock. Consequently, most ships anchor two miles out from the port and use the offshore pipeline which Esso installed for petroleum and the portís four barges for solid cargo. The port has minimal facilities which include three small storage areas to store the minimal amount of imports which it receives (it is not used for export). San Juan del Sur Port is basically just a fishing port and the amount of ships has decreased in recent years. Itís short dock and shallow water have allowed it to receive a minimal amount of grain imports, however. It has a few cranes, courtesy of the Danish, and they are in good condition and the bay could be revitalized if the Nicaraguan government succeeds with its hope to build a tourist marina at the beautiful site.
There is a road, in terrible condition, which runs from Managua, on the Pacific, to Rama, about 100 km from the Atlantic. There, a river connects Rama to the Atlantic and there is the Arlen Siu Port. However, itís not really a port--itís just a floating barge out in the river with a long bridge stretching back to the mainland. A small amount of imports from Miami pass through its two warehouses and an even smaller amount of exports go out. The river is limited to boats with a draft of less than four meters, so thereís not much potential for this dock. El Bluff Port sits across the bay from Bluefields, a city at the end of the aforementioned river on the Atlantic coast. The dock here is moderately large and the government is planning to have the port dredged to allow large ships to dock. And the very last port is called Cabezas Port. Itís dock is extremely long, 700 meters, but itís wooden and falling apart. The port is 7 meters deep and has two warehouses, two cranes, and a storage area.