The National Flag was created on September 5, 1908 with the blue and white stripes which the Central American Federation had agreed upon and the National shield in the center.
Go see the national flag.
The National Anthem, which is considered by some critics to be one of the three best anthems in the world because of its strict allusions to peace and labor, was the work of Salomón Ibarra Mayorga and was approved on December 9, 1918. It is believed by some that the music was authored by Jose del Carmen Vega.
Go print out the piano sheet music of the national anthem.
The National Tree is the Madroño which becomes covered in white flowers during the summer. This tree was chosen because of the elegance of its shape and its usefulness to the people.
The National Flower is the Sacuanjoche, also called the May Flower because that is its flowering month. Its name is derived from the word "xacuan" from a native language called náhuatl and means "precious yellow feather or flower."
The National Bird is the Guardabarranco which lives in the forests of Nicaragua and likes to perch on branches and wave its tail feathers back and forth like a pendulum.
Nicaraguans celebrate more holidays than any nation I know and, due to the widespread adherence to Catholicism, most of these holidays are Catholic holidays in which saints are honored. These holidays are usually characterized by loud fireworks, lots of music and dancing in the streets and parks, a procession down main steet with a statue of the saint, and lots of rum and beer.
January 1, New Year's Day; National
April, first Thursday, Holy Week; National
May 1, Labor Day; National
July 19, Sandinista Revolution Day; National
July 25, Fiesta de Santiago; Boaco, Somoto, Managua
July 26, Fiesta de Santa Ana; Nandaime, Niquinohomo, Moyogalpa, Ometepe
August 1, Fiesta de Santo Domingo; Managua
August 8-16, Fiesta de San Roque; Chinandega
August 14-15, Fiesta de Asuncion; Masaya, Granada, Juigalpa, Ocotal
September 14, Battle of San Jacinto; National
September 15, Independence Day; National
September 24, Virgen de Mercedes; Leon, Chinandega
September 29, Fiesta de San Miguel; Masaya
September 20, Fiesta de San Jeronimo; Masaya, Leon
October Sundays, Festividades de San Jeronimo; Masaya
October Saturdays, Mes del Rosario; Granada
October 29, Fiesta de San Rafael; Pueblo Nuevo
November, Fiesta de San Diego; Altagracia, Ometepe
December 7, Immaculate Conception; Leon
December 8, Pase de la Virgen; Granada
December 12, Procesion de la Virgen de Guadalupe; Masaya
December 13, Fiesta de Santa Lucia; Leon
December 25, Christmas; National
December 25, Dia del Nino Dios; Masaya, Esteli
December 31, Fiesta de San Silvestre; Catarina
December 31, New Years Eve; National