A poem or stanza of eight lines. The word "octave" usually refers to the first eight lines in an Italian sonnet with the remaining six lines forming a sestet. Also see sonnet.
A long lyric poem of complex nature. An ode is primarily formal in style about a serious subject. Odes are usually written for special occasions to pay tribute or honor a person or season. The Pindaric Ode, named after the Greek poet Pindar, was a several stanza choral poem. Each stanza had a strophe, an antistrophe, and an epode. These three sections were sung by a chorus.
(ex. John Keats' "Ode to a Grecian Urn")
A word that suggest a sound. Some bird names are onomatopeic like the cuckoo.
(ex. "hiss", "boo", "clang", "buzz", and "achoo")
A form of eight line stanza in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme abababcc.
(ex. George Gordon, Lord Byron's "Don Juan")
A figure of speech that uses to contradictory ideas or terms in a pardox form. An oxymoron is usually just two or three words.
(ex. "jumbo shrimp", "parting is such sweet sorrow", and "dry ice")
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