A poetic line containing five verse feet, with each foot iamb (an unstressed syllable followed by another unstressed syllable). Iambic Pentameter is the most common verse line found in English poetry.
(ex. John Milton's "Paradise Lost" :
"At once as far as angels ken he views
The dismal situation waste and wild:
A dungeon horrible on all sides round
As one great furnace flamed, yet from those flames
No light, but rather darkness visible..."
These lines are written in blank verse - unrhymed iambic pentameter.)
Words or phrases that are used to create images in the reader's mind. Images can appeal to all of the senses: touch, taste, smell, hearing and seeing.
The repetition of a line with a slight variation each time. This is commonly used in ballads to develop certain situations in the story.
(ex. Poe's's "The Raven")
In Medias Res
In writing, the technique of diving right into the middle or a story or situation and explaining the previous events later by flashback.
(ex. John Milton's "Paradise Lost" and Homer's "Odyssey")
From the late fifteenth century, an Interlude is a play with a non-religious plot and characters.
Reversing the normal word order (subject, verb, object). This can be used to create a tone or can emphasis particular words and ideas. Poets also use inversion so it fits a certain meter or rhyme scheme.
(ex. "I went to school" to "To the school went I". )
At the beginning of a poem, an invocation is the calling of a god, muse or spirit for inspiration.
(ex. John Milton's "Paradise Lost" : Milton invokes the muse of sacred poetry, Urania, to inspire him.)
A device used by the writer to express something contradictory. Usually it is the contrast between what's stated and what is really meant, or what is supposed to happen and what really happens. The three kinds of irony are verbal irony, dramatic irony, and irony of situation.
(ex. Shakespeare's "Macbeth" : Scene 6 has Duncan and Banquo commenting on the beauty and of the setting while Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are plotting Duncan's murder.)
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