On average, a smoker smokes 15 cigarettes a day. People in developed countries smoke the most cigarettes per day, about 25. In countries with developing economy a man smokes 14 cigarettes a day, but in ex-socialist countries of Eastern Europe even 18. In Africa an average number of cigarettes smoked per day is 10, in America and Europe, however, 18.
Per year smokers smoke about 6 million tons of tobacco in different ways (cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco...). Consumption of tobacco increases every day, especially in poor countries, whereas in more developed countries it decreases, which is a result of people being more conscious of the harm caused by tobacco. In Europe the consumption of tobacco has remained almost the same in the last 20 years, in America it has decreased but in other countries it has been growing up very fast, especially in west pacific region. Consumption decrease in developed countries is very similar to the increase of tobacco consumption in developing countries. This is why an average consumption hasn't changed (One smokes 1650 cigarettes yearly.). However, China has its own specialities. From 1970 to 1990 the consumption there has grown for about 260%.
In 70-ties the greatest consumption of tobacco was in Canada, Switzerland, the USA, Australia, Great Britain and other developed countries. In that time a smoker smoked over 3000 cigarettes in a year. Later the consumption decreased. And in the 90-ties the biggest consumption was in Poland, Greece, and Hungary where it exceeded 3500 cigarettes on a person in years 1990-1992. In less developed countries the consumption has increased also because of duty-free shops in airports and boarding, where people can buy cigarettes at quite low price. Higher consumption resulted in higher production. For production of cigarettes man uses 60-80% of all produced tobacco, which is about 7 million tons per year. The rest is produced in pipe tobacco or chewing tobacco. Civil or great multinational companies, which control producing, manufacturing and sale of tobacco handle most of tobacco output. The greatest monopoly is in the hands of the government in China, where 17 billion cigarettes were sold in 1993, which means 31% of the whole sale in the World.
China is also the biggest producer of tobacco in the world. It produces even more tobacco than other 7 biggest countries together. Although tobacco grows in more than 100 countries, the first 25 producers cover already 90% of the world production. Countries, which import lots of unmanufactured tobacco, are usually also the biggest centres for its remaking. Most of them, like the USA, Germany, Russia and Japan also have the highest consumption of tobacco. Others, like Belgium and Singapore are the biggest tobacco-exporting countries. The USA used to export tobacco a lot for many years, but recently Brazil and Zimbabwe have become the leading countries in export of unmanufactured tobacco. Five countries (Brazil, Zimbabwe, the USA, Turkey and Italy) cover one half of the world export of unmanufactured tobacco. Lately also China and Malawi export even more. The leading country in manufacturing of tobacco is China. India uses almost 6,3% of unmanufactured tobacco in the World, but from this only 1,7% for cigarettes. In 1994 there were 55 billion cigarettes produced in the World, from this more than a half in China, the USA, Japan and Germany. Most of the countries that export lots of unmanufactured tobacco use it a lot, too. Such countries are Japan, France and Russia. Some other countries, like Hong Kong, Singapore and Holland, export almost as much tobacco as they import.