Gabriel Prosser, Denmark Vesey, Nat Turner
These men were former slaves who organized slave rebellions. All three of these men were unsuccessful in their attempted mutinies.
Harriet Tubman, The Underground Railroad
Tubman organized a secret getaway for fugitive slaves. She was a prominent abolitionist.
American Colonization Society
This society was rather ironic; in order to help the blacks in the U.S., the A.C.S. decided that all blacks should be sent back to Africa.
James G. Birney, The Liberty Party
This was the political party which believed in the anti-slavery movement. Birney was its presidential candidate.
personal liberty laws
These laws, passed by the Northern states, made it difficult for the Fugitive Slave Law to be enforced.
Southern Apologists; George Fitzhugh
The Apologists were pro-slavery. George Fitzhugh was one of the most prominent Apologists ever.
American Antislavery Society
This society was founded by William Lloyd Garrison and was a very powerful anti-slavery organization.
In Congress, the South passed a law stating that any abolitionist petitions would be tabled, not discussed. John Quincy Adams killed this rule long after his presidency.
Hinton Helper; The Impending Crisis of the South
Helper was a white Southerner who wrote The Impending Crisis to show that slavery was economically bad for the South.
Compromise of 1850
This compromise contained 6 parts.
California would enter the Union as a free state.
The disputed territory between Texas and New Mexico would go to New Mexico.
The assumption of the Texas debt was in the hands of the federal government.
A stricter fugitive slave law would be enforced.
Popular sovereignty would be applied to the New Mexico and Utah territories.
The slave trade would be abolished in Washington, D.C.
Free Soil Party
This party existed in hopes of stopping the spread of slavery.
John C. Fremont
He was the leader of the California Bear Flag Republic.
These Whigs were against slavery.
These were owners of northern cotton mills who supported slavery.
Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854; Stephen Douglas
This act, proposed by Stephen Douglas, repealed the Missouri Compromise to please the South. Also, Kansas and Nebraska would have popular sovereignty.
These were feuds over popular sovereignty and the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
This involves a young politician, an aging Sumner, and a weapon. This incident was also recognized as "Bleeding Sumner." Think about it.
Popular Sovereignty, Lewis Cass
This was the policy of allowing the popular vote to decide if slavery would or would not be instituted in an area. In theory, it sounds good, but only resulted in violence and discontent. It was proposed by Lewis Cass.
This was the plan to buy Cuba.
This shows that popular sovereignty truly doesn't work. Elections were held to decide on slavery, and all of the ballots were rigged by both sides. These elections were totally fraudulent.
These were debated for leadership of Illinois. They were focused on the issue of slavery. Douglas, it seems, won these debates.
This turned the South against Douglas; it was a legal way to get around the Dred Scott decision.
This was the beginning of the real tensions between the North and South. South Carolina had already seceded from the Union. Northern troops were still left in forts in South Carolina (Forth Sumter). Lincoln decided to send nothing but food and clothing to the soldiers to survive, but the South retaliated with violence. Lincoln then called for war.
Jefferson Davis; The Confederate States of America
Davis was the president of the states which seceded from the Union.
John J. Crittenden
He was the Kentucky Senator who desired to reinstate the Missouri Compromise.
He was a very weak president who was elected in 1856. He had no stand on issues, and at this time, it made him a horrible president.
Calhoun's theory of a "concurrent majority" stated that if 3/4 of the vote was for the nullification of a law, then the law was dead.
John Brown; Harpers' Ferry
John Brown was a radical abolitionist who organized a massive uprising at Harper's Ferry. He was found and hanged for his conspiracies. He was insane and lived in a small shack which he called his "fort."
He was a leading Free-Soiler at this time. Once he became president, the Southern states began seceding.
Dred Scott Decision
This decision declared that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional and that slaves were indeed property.
Harriet Beecher Stowe; Uncle Tom's Cabin
This was a risky novel written by a white northerner about slave life in the South. It outraged most southerners and was called off the market in several Southern states.