The Federalist Party was made of loose constructionists and led by Alexander Hamilton and John Jay.
The Republican Party was made of strict constructionists and led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.
Judiciary Act, 1789
This act created a Supreme Court, and other lesser courts.
It was meant to address impressment, but the British only stated that they would leave the US. So it was a failure. It ruined Jay's political career.
Also called the Treaty of San Lorenzo, it stated that the 31st parrallel would be the southern boundary for the US, and Americans could navigate the Mississippi river for 3 years.
Interpretation of the Constitution as it is.
Interpretation of the Constitution using the "necessary and proper" (elastic) clause in the Constitution, so it is allowed legislation which is not explictedly stated in the Constitution.
Endorsed by Jefferson and it allowed states to "nullify," or not follow laws if voted so.
Led by farmers in western Pennsylvania. Washington was sent in and stopped the rebellion, setting a precedent showing the US would not tolerate rebellion.
Washingtons Farewell Address
Encouraged the Americans not to have permanent alliances with foreign countries and not to have political parties.
Led to the undeclared Half War with France because the French demanded bribes before the Americans could negotiate with the French.
Half War with France
Also called the Quasi War. During John Adam's presidency.
Alien and Sedition Acts
Acts issued during the Adams Administration to supress criticism of the Federalist Party, including comments about the president and Congress.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Kentucky Resolutions were written by Jefferson stated that they could refuse to obey a law. The Virginia Resolution stated that it could object when Congress issued legislation against the state.
The Election of 1796
Adams verses Jefferson, Adams won, however, although Jefferson was on another party, he was made vice-president because of a flaw in the Constitution.
Personalities to Remember:
George Washington- 1st
President of the United States. Elected