Lincoln's Plan for Reconstuction. 10% of Southernors of a state would take an oath to the US supporting emancipation. Then a state government would be created. Confederate leaders could not take the oath and had to apply for a pardon from the president. Relatively lenient.
Radical Republicans controlled by military governors, majority had to take a loyalty oath, denouce secession and slavery, did not purposely support Confederacy. Pocket vetoed by Lincoln.
Southernors used these Codes so Blacks could not gain many rights.
Helped freedman to receive education, and helped them to find jobs.
Freedmen would rent land and paid it by giving a significant portion of their crop.
Civil Rights Act
Intended to give Blacks civil rights, however the South found ways to avoid it.
Military Reconstruction Act
Divided the South into five military zones, each with a military governor.
Tenure of Office Act
Can not remove a cabinet member without the approval of the Senate. Andrew Johnson tested this law and was brought before impeachment precedings.
The Charging of a federal crime to a president in an effort to remove him from office.
Northernors who went to the South to vote Republican.
Southernors who voted Republican
Ku Klux Klan
Racist organization which terrorized Blacks.
Election of 1876 "The Stolen Election"
Hayes and Tilden disputed critical electorial votes, that would determine the winner of the election. Hayes was given all the disputed electorial votes after the Comprommise of 1877.
Compromise of 1877
Withdrew troops from the South, ending Reconstruction.
If your Grandfather could not vote, you could not vote. Used to prevent Blacks from voting.
Must pass literacy test in order to vote. Used to prevent Blacks from voting.
Must pay tax to vote. Used to prevent Blacks from voting.
Plessy v. Ferguson
Doctrine of "Separate but Equal" upheld the Jim Crow Laws.
Williams v. Mississippi
Restrictions on voting are legal. (Literacy Tests and Poll Taxes)
Guinn v. U.S.
Grandfather Laws are illegal.
Given by Booker T. Washington proclaiming blacks should search for economic improvement before political improvement. Supported Silent Accomidation, meaning tolerating discrimination.
Started by W.E.B. DuBois eventually leading to the formation of the NAACP.
"Forty Acres and a Mule"
What Republicans wanted to give to former slaves. Was not passed.
Personalities to Remember:
Abraham Lincoln- 10% Plan