books and print material:
- Savan, Leslie. the Sponsored Life. Philladelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1994.
A series of short essays taken from the author's Village Voice column on advertising. Essays examine techniques, attitudes, treatment of different groups in advertising. Well written, witty and entertaining.
- Denison, DC. As Seen on TV. New York, NY: Fireside, 1992.
Insider's look at news shows, talkshows, dramas, animated programs and instructional programs.
- Fiske, John. Television Culture. New York, NY: Routledge, 1987.
Very academic (and sometimes hard to understand) analysis of television culture. Talks about different levels involved in creating a "text", how different story structures lend themselves to a certian portrayal of a group and more.
- Aronson, Elliot. Pratkanis, Anthony. Age of Propaganda. USA: W.H. Freeman & Co., 1992.
Despite paranoid sounding title, this is an excellent book. Discusses different techniques used to persuade and influence people (for example, appeals to guilt and fear, attempts to distract viewers). Also cites interesting behaivoral studies.
- Bovee, Courtland L. Arens, William F. Contemporary Advertising. Richard D. Irwin, Inc., 1992.
A comprehensive advertising textbook. Interesting to see things from an advertisers point of view, since most other books seem to promote skepticism toward the industry. Useful chapters were Advertising Ethics, Creative Production for Electronic Media.
- Moog, Carol. Are They Selling Her Lips? Advertising and Identity. New York, NY: William Morrow & Company, 1992.
Great book. Among topics covered are stereotypes, sex appeal and product image. Intersting also because the author is a phsychiatrist and gives anecdotes about the way people react to different ads.
- O'Barr, William M. Culture and the Ad: Exploring Otherness in the World of Advertising. Colorado: Westview press, 1994.
The book was helpful especially since it was specifically about identity in ads. It focused on print ads and older ads, but gave a good overview about the media's treatment of minorities.
- Kellner, Douglas. Media Culture. New York, NY: Routledge, 1995.
Really interesting book. Found writing style a but irritating at first, but got used to it. Section on advertising and identity especially helpful. Also talked about race, politics in relation to the media.
- Rushkoff, Douglas. Media virus! Hidden Agendas in Popular Culture. New York, NY: Ballantine Books, 1996.
Thought-provoking yet easy to understand. Concept of media viruses was very interesting. Offers in-depth analysis of "viruses" hiding in cartoons, mtv, political advertising, etc.
- Douglas, Susan J. Where the Girls Are: Growing up Female with the Mass Media. USA: Times Books, 1994.
Funny, thoughtful book about female images in the media. Goes from about the 50s to the 80s. Most helpful chapter was about how women in Bewitched, I Dream of Jeannie, and Mary Tyler Moore Show reflected views of society toward women.
- Busch, H. Ted and Landeck, Terry. The Making of a Television Commercial. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1980.
Advertising insiders walk the reader thorough the advertising process, using the fictional product Cleen-Up as an example. Last chapter features interviews with real poeple in the business.
- Rosen, Elana; Paulin Quesada, Arli; and Lockwood Summers, Sue. Changing the World through Media Education. Golden, CO: Fulcrum, 1998.
A new media literacy curriculum produced by the Just Think Foundation. We used some of these lessons as models for our own lesson plans. "Thinking About the Power of Images," was an especially helpful chapter.
- Collins, James. "Talking Trash." TIME Magazine Vol. 151 No. 12.
Article talks about the Jerry Springer Show and other confrontation-based talk shows like Rikki Lake. Also discusses idea that guests may be lured onto the show without knowing why and the lasting impact that the show may have on the lives of the guests.
- Bellafante, Gina. "Playing 'Get the Guest'." TIME Magazine Vol. 154, No. 13.
Article criticises the way trashy talk shows mislead potential guests in order to get them on air and encourage violence among guests.
- Montgomery, Kathryn C. Target: Prime Time. Advocacy Groups and the Struggle Over Entertainment Television. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc. 1989.
Interesting book on television and political groups. We found the chapter on Maude especially helpful.
- McCrohan, Donna. Prime Time Our Time. America's Life and Times Through the Prism of Television. Rocklin, CA: Prima Publishing & Communications. 1990.
- Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly and Kubey, Robert. Television and the Quality of Life. How Viewing Shapes Everyday Experience. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers. 1990.
- Lull, James. Media, Communication, Culture. A Global Approach. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 1995.
- Dyer, Joel. "Mind Control." Boulder Weekly, June 6, 1996.
- Project Censored. "U.S. Arms Sales Lead Project Censored's 1998 Top 10 Censored List." Feb. 23, 1998. Press Release.
- Project Censored. "The News That Didn't Make the News in 1997."
- National Encyclopedia (Nationalencyclopedin) Band 15.
- Silverman, Steve. "Jerry Springer Gets Hit." Time Daily, April 26, 1998. http://cgi.pathfinder.com/time/daily/article/0,1344,11009,00.html (8/4/98)
Short article on charges that Jerry Springer stages fights. Mentions that Springer is unapologetic, saying that the show is for entertainment purposes only.
- Fade To Black. "Fade to Black Presents: Q&A with Joey Skaggs." http://www.fadetoblack.com///interviews/joeyskaggs/iview.htm (6/22/98)
Three part interview that talks about Skaggs' career, some of his memorable hoaxes, the process he goes through in creating a hoax, and his views on media culture.
- Adweek. http://www.adweek.com (7/98)
Advertising industry publication. Section on Best Spots highlights exceptional television ads each month.
- Advertising Age. http://www.adage.com (7/98)
Advertising industry publication. Dataplace section includes statistics on ad spending and advertising around the world. Also includes three year's worth of short essays critiquing ads.
- Skaggs, Joey. "Artist's Manifesto." http://www.joeyskaggs.com/html/manif/manif.html (6/22/98)
Article on Joey Skaggs' official site. Talks about his goals, his process and defines pranks.
- Cease Fire. http://www.ceasefire.org (7/6/98)
Website encouraging parents to remove firearms from the home. Includes information about the organization as well as their print and broadcast PSAs.
- Soley, Lawrence. "The Power of the Press Has a Price. TV Reporters Talk About Advertiser Pressure." EXTRA! July/August 1997. http://www.fair.org/extra/9707/ad-survey.html (8/98)
- Putnam, Todd. "The GE Boycott: A Story NBC Wouldn't Buy." EXTRA! January/February 1991. http://www.fair.org/extra/best-of-extra/ge-boycott.html (8/98)
- Croteau, David. "Examining the Liberal Media Claim: Journalists' Views on Politics, Economic Policy and Media Coverage." http://www.fair.org/reports/journalist-survey.html (8/98).
- Fairness and Accuracy In Reporting. http://www.fair.org (8/98).
- Accuracy In Media. http://www.aim.org (8/98).
- National Coalition on Television Violence. http://www.nctvv.org (8/98).
- Project Censored. http://www.sonoma.edu/ProjectCensored (8/98).
- Stossel, Scott. "The Man Who Counts the Killings." The Atlantic Unbound, May 1997. http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97may/gerbner.html (8/98).
- Rushkoff, Douglas. "The End of TV Programming." used to be at http://clix.net but seems to have vanished. (8/98).
- Rushkoff, Douglas. Personal Website. http://www.levity.com/rushkoff (6/98).
- The Federal Communications Commission. http://www.fcc.gov (5/98).
- SVT. http://www.svt.se (8/98).
- TV3. http://www.tv3.se (8/98).
- TV4. http://www.tv4.se (8/98).
- TV5. http://www.kanal5.se (8/98).
- MTG. http://www.mtg.se (8/98).
- Beasly, Elana. "Children, Television and Gender Roles." http://www.aber.ac.uk/~ednwww/Undgrad/ED31710/beasley1.html (7/98).
- Television and Gender Links. http://www.aber.ac.uk/~dgc/tv05.html (7/98).
- Whoosh! the online journal of the International Association of Xena Studies. http://www.whoosh.org (8/98).
- Nelson, Rhonda. "The Female Hero, Duality of Geand Postmodern Feminism in Xena: Warrior Princess." Whoosh, Issue 13. http://www.whoosh.org/issue13/nelson.html (8/98).
- Xena: Warrior Princess Official Site. http://www.mca.com/tv/xena/ (8/98).
- Hercules: The Legendary Journeys Official Site. http://www.mca.com/tv/hercules/siteindex.html (8/98).
- Children Now. Reflections of Girls in the Media. http://www.childrennow.org/media/mc97/ReflectSummary.html (8/28/98)
Children Now. A Different World: Children's Perceptions of Race and Class in the Media. http://www.childrennow.org/media/race.html (8/28/98)
- US Census Population Estimates. http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/nation/intfile3-1.txt (8/28/98)
- Rushkoff, Douglas. <firstname.lastname@example.org> "Re: Web Debate" 18, Jun. 1998. Personal Email.
- Skaggs, Joey. Interview. Kauai, Hawaii. July 3, 1998.
- Schmidt, Elizabeth. <cfire1@IDT.NET> "Re: Electric Snow: TV in Our Time" 10, July. 1998. Personal Email.
- Phillips, Peter. <phillipP@SONOMA.EDU> "Re: Electric Snow: TV in Our Time" 26 August, 1998. Personal email.
- Wilson, Carl-Johan. Interview. <email@example.com>
- Bjälkebring, Charlotta. Interview. <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Altan, Pär. Interview. <email@example.com>
- Väänänen, Pia. <firstname.lastname@example.org> Personal Email.
- Gurinder, Jan Olof. <email@example.com> Personal Email.