Windhoek was earlier known as Aigams. This means 'hot water'- a reference to the hot springs present in the region. The town, and the area around it were settled first by the Khoikhoin and Herero people. In colonial times, it came under the control of the Germans and later by South Africa in 1915. It was also the headquarters of the Khoikhoin (Khoi-Khoi) opposition to the German control. Ultimately, Namibia gained independence in 1990, and Windhoek became the national capital.
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