Luanda, the capital of Angola, is the country's largest city and a busy seaport. It is also spelt Loanda, and was earlier known as Sao Paulo De Luanda. In 1576, it was founded and then developed into the governmental center of the colony in 1627. Slaves were taken to Brazil from here. It became the capital of independent Angola in 1975.
The climate of Luanda is warm. The city has an international airport, churches and universities. Luanda is powered by the Cambambe Dam on the Kwanza river. The ethnic groups are the Mbundu and the Cuban communities. Over 1.1 million people live in the city.
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