Joseph Nicephore Niepce. Public Domain.
A modern 35mm zoom camera. © Team 16541.
A single lens reflex camera (SLR).© Microsoft Corp.
|The camera was invented by Joseph Nicephore Niepce, a
retired French army officer, who made the worlds first true photograph of a scene.
The camera was invented in 1826 in St-Loup-de-Varennes, France.
Niepces camera 'Obscura' consisted of two wooden boxes, one
carrying a lens and the other a ground-glass screen. The boxes were connected by bellows
so that the distance between the lend and screen could be varied. Also he invented an iris
diaphragm which could be adjusted to vary the size of the aperture and thus sharpen the
image. Also by using a sheet of paper which had been sensitized with silver chloride as
The invention of the camera has developed dramatically over
the years. Such development are making the camera portable (developed first by Friedrich
Risner, German mathematician), improvement in the films, electronic flash (invented in
1931 by Harold E Edgeron, American photographer), colour photograph(taken in 1861 by
English photographer Tomas Sutton, also invented the single-lens reflex camera) and many