The mouth and teeth are the first organs of the digestive tract. The teeth are bones
whose primary purpose is to grind food in-to easy bits that the body can digest. In the
mouth, a base known as saliva helps begin to separate the chemical make up of food. There
are certain organs that are located in the mouth, such as the uvula, the
tongue, and the frenulum (the organ that connects the tongue to the base of the mouth).
The walls of the inner cheeks are lined with mucous which help protect the food from
bacteria, and also protect the cheeks form saliva. The tongue is probably the most
prominent organ within the oral cavity. The tongue is comprised of many bony attachments.
Two of the tongues bony attachments are the hyoid and the styloid processes of the skull.
Mastication is the process by which food is grinded by
the teeth. During mastication, the tongue mixes the food with saliva so to begin the
digestive process. During the process of mastication, the papillae, which cover the
tongue, send nervous signals to the brain, which then identifies taste.
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