Roman society was mostly divided into two social classes. The one in control was the patrician class which were the descendants of the original curiae. This was the only social class with the political power. The people that weren't patricians were plebeians. However there was more than one type of the plebeian class. The plebs rustica were the country-dwelling, the plebs urbana were the city-dwelling workers. The patricians would live in grand houses called villas with gardens called peristilios surrounded by a colonnade. The plebians, however, lived in little shabby houses which were often overcrowded.
The only way a plebian could move up would be to become a client of patrician families who would then be patrons. A client would fight and work for his patron. In turn the patron would provide physical and legal protection for his client. The patron would also provide land grants to his client. The Roman family was controlled by the father of the family. This was called Patria Potestas or supreme jurisdisction of the father.
Before Rome conquered other territories (such as Greece), whose culture and religion they assimilated into their own, the Romans had Numina Gods. After the military conquest of Greece, the Romans adopted the Greek gods (albeit with name changes).
A boy from the wealthy patrician class would be very well educated. It was important that the man develops gravitas or a stern sense of purpose. He would be given a pedagogue or private tutor. There would be three parts to his education. The first would be primary instruction, followed by reading of literature, and rhetoric. Writing was done on a wax tablet with an ivory, bone, or metal stylus. One end of the stylus was sharp to make a clean mark in the wax, while the other end was often shaped like a little spatula for smoothing away mistakes so they could be corrected. The wax tablets were made like a wooden frame or tray into which hot melted wax was poured. A pigment was added to the wax to make the letters stand out. If the boy came from a military family he would also be taught swordsmanship and the art of combat. There were also a number of higher education institutions in Rome's large empire that students could attend.