Before Rome conquered other territories (such as Greece), whose culture and religion they assimilated into their own, the Romans had Numina Gods. These were:
The Ius Sacrum was the code of laws regulating worship. These laws were very strict. There were twelve Pontiffs, who were the interpreters of the Ius Sacrum. The Pontifex Maximus was the leader of the Pontiffs. He was elected for life by his colleagues. Also, the Augurs were the interpreters of the signs from the gods. The Roman father, the patriarch had the duties of the pietas, or offering proper sacrifices to the household gods at the right times. Later on, Rome took on the mythology and gods of Greece. To adapt the Greek gods to the Roman society, the gods underwent name translations.
|Male Gods||Female Gods|
|Roman name||Greek name||Roman name||Greek name|
Apollo, the god of sun, music, and art, was actually named "Apollo" in both the Roman and the Greek religious systems. In the Roman religious system, the three most important gods (Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva) were grouped in a triad. It was known as the Capitoline Triad.
Below are descriptions of the chief Roman gods. These were:
During the Empire form of government, Christianity became the main religion of Rome.