One of the most favorite art forms of Ancient Rome was sculpting. It could show action and emotion, such as triumph and despair. It could also be a marble bust of a human figure. Wax figures were also very popular.
A major part of Rome's art is its architecture. The stadiums of Ancient Rome are a great part of this architecture. There were two types of stadiums. The first was the circus, which was a hairpin-shaped structure which was designed for horse and chariot races. The second was the amphitheatre. This was a structure that was completely enclosed on all sides and was intended for gladiatorial contests. It was designed to afford maximum seating capacity and the best view possible for the spectators. The Great Colosseum is a giant amphitheatre which was built in Rome under the Flavian emperors. Construction for it was begun between 70 and 72 A.D. This amphitheatre was different from others because it was a free-standing structure of stone and concrete. Other colosseums were built into the hillside for support. The Colosseum is 620 by 513 feet (190 by 155 m) overall and seats about 50,000 people. It was used to view gladiator contests and contests between men and animals, plus mock naval engagements.
The Romans also had theatres. They watched dramas and comedies, in which all actors were men. Even the parts of women were played by men. In the Roman theatre the audience sat in a semi-circle in front of the orchestra semi-circle. In back of the orchestra semi-circle there was a single level stage raised above the ground where the action occurred.
The Romans also had public baths. They were called thermae and were a complex of rooms designed for bathing, relaxation ,and social activity. There was a large open garden surrounded by subsidiary club rooms and a block of bath chambers in the center or in the back of the garden.