-women added to songs
-men still sing
-instruments added for accompaniment
-Little thicker then Medieval
-different parts weave in and out of each other.
-The parts interact.
-all parts move with melody in same rhythm
-melody and accompaniment
-harmony comes from the melody
-it results from interaction of melody
-harmonies are perfect octaves, perfect fifths, and perfect fourths, (sometimes 3rds near cadence points)
-no complete triads
-harmony is introduced
-harmonies are modal
-Introduction of meter (from rhythmic modes)
-Lots of syncopation- accents on upbeats
-lots of notes
-larger intervals than Medieval
-bigger range than Medieval
-Forms of Imitation of Melody-
1. Transposition- play same melody in different key
2. Cannon- start at different times
3. Augmentation- slow down note value; to make bigger, longer
4. diminution- to shorten tempo, play melody faster
5. Retrograde- play a melody backwards
6. Inversion- play upside down
7. Retrograde inversion- backwards and upside down
-music was used for worship
-mass was a popular form
-a mass is a church service (from Catholicism)
-all music is written for the theme of the service
1. Kyrie- The first part of a mass
-Kyrie is Lord have mercy, Christ have mercy, Lord have mercy
2. Gloria- The second part of the mass.
3. Credo- The third part of a mass.
-(Statement of beliefs.)
4. Sanctus- The fourth part of a mass
-(bread and wine turn into Christís blood.)
5. Agnus Dei- The fifth part of a mass
-lamb of God
7. Benedictus- The sixth part of a mass
-Go in peace.
-Every week, musicians write different songs for each part of the mass.
-Types of Mass:
-plain song mass- composers rewrite monophonic chant into polyphonic setting
-parody mass- composers take any existing music and put it into a polyphonic
-cantus firmus- one melody or chant was used for everything in the whole mass
-Motet- a type of form
-separate part of sacred music.
-It is not part of the mass.
-Text comes from other stuff.
-Accompanied by instruments
-rhythmic pattern repeated over and over by the instrument
-Hymn- another type of sacred form
-sung by congregation
-sung after feast
Palestrina- wrote a ton of music (c. 1525-1594)
-some people think he was the greatest composer of the Renaissance
Monteverdi- He did a lot of instrumental work.
-He laid the ground work for Opera.
Gesualdo- Most people thought he was possessed by Satin (1560-1613)
-extremely ahead of his time
-not afraid to use dissonance
Johannes Ockeghem (c. 1410-1497)
Josquin Desprez (c. 1440-1521)
Andrea Gabrielli (c. 1510-1586)
Orlande de Lassus (1532-1594)
William Byrd (1543-1623)
Giovanni Gabrielli (c. 1554-1612)
John Dowland (1563-1626)
Orlando Gibbons (1583-1625)
-period nicknamed "Ars Nova"- the new art
-Renaissance means rebirth
-instrumental music was written as if it were for voices.