In 1873, Caruso was borne in Naples, Italy. In 1894, he debuted in Naples. His first great success, however, came in 1898, in Milan, when he enacted the role of Loris in Fedora by Italian composer, Umberto Giordano. Many engagements soon followed in Saint Petersburg, Monte-Carlo, London, Rome, and Lisbon. He debuted at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, in 1903 withe a role in Rigoletto by famous Italian composer, Giuseppe Verdi. His credits included more than forty operas--mainly Italian. He is most revered for his enaction of the role of Canio in Pagliacci by Italian composer, Tuggero Leoncavallo. From his first appearance at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, he became the major attraction. His international career was escalated by the means of a new medium, the phonograph. He was one of the first singers to make phonograph records and now was internationally revered. Several of his recordings have been reissued in new formats and remain available to this day. His post as the greatest living dramatic tenor went unchallenged during his lifetime. Caruso's final public appearance was at the Metropolitan Opera House on 24 December, 1920. In 1987, the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences recognised Caruso withe a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. In 1921, Caruso died.