home > the spirit > edsa and the
rest of the world
has manifested itself many times in the course of history. The books on the story of the
world stand testament to the many fundamental changes that have taken place in society and
government. The ramifications of these various changes manifest themselves even up to
If so, what sets apart those
three days in EDSA from the rest of the uprisings that have been undertaken all around the
To understand the true
significance of the events that transpired EDSA, we have to examine some of the similar
events that have taken place in the course of world history.
The French Revolution
(1789-99), the first European revolution in modern times, was brought about when heavy
taxes, imposed by the king and widespread corruption in the civil service brought about
massive civil unrest. The disaffected people, by use of force, deposed the monarchy and
imposed a government that suited their needs.
The American Revolution
(1755-83) took place when the British refused to recognize the individual rights of the
colonies held in the Atlantic. Differences in thought, life and interests brought about
cries for independence. Finally, disgruntled patriots brought about change by open
rebellion. The British, thus defeated, gave free reign to the colonies, giving birth to a
The many revolutions that
took place in the Russian nation also caused massive political and societal changes,
changes that have even influenced the course of history.
The "Bloody Sunday"
Revolution of 1905, instigated when troops fired upon a workers demonstration,
caused disorder and violence. The ruler at that time, Tsar Nicholas II was forced to grant
civil rights and set up a parliament for the people.
The subsequent food
shortages, caused more riots and strikes and led to the February Revolution (1917). This
revolution created a provisional government and forced the Tsar to abdicate his throne.
The October Revolution,
instigated by the Lenin-led Bolshevik party, led an armed coup. The constitutional
assembly was dispersed and Russia was thrust into the grasp of communism.
More or less, the basic goal
of these uprisings was the change a system that the masses saw as ineffective and
oppressive. What separates the events that took place in EDSA from these other momentous
historical events lies in the method used to achieve their goals. The goals were achieved
on the blood of many citizens, both patriots and bystanders alike.
It is easy to imagine how
circumstances could have turned bad for the revolutionists in EDSA. It is easy to see, how
the tide could have turned if the Marcos forces had chosen to fire on the hapless people
protesting on the streets. History could have dictated that on those three days, blood
would have been spilled on Philippine soil.
However, the revolution
happened without bloodshed. The goals were realized without any loss of life. The strength
and will of a united people triumphed and changed the course of Philippine politics and
The events that took place in
EDSA proved to the world that change can be achieved without violence. Through the will
and unity of the people, reform can take place without people getting slaughtered or
damage being dealt to property.
Reform ultimately, can be
realized through peaceful means.