". . . I never expected
Cory to be candidate. Butz was the Aquino whose name came up as a possible candidate, not
Cory. The Convenor Group came up with a list: Jose Diokno, Jovito Salonga, Eva Kalaw, and
Doy Laurel . . ."
Francisco "Soc" Rodrigo
home > the spirit > what if edsa
this day, the millions of Filipinos around the archipelago celebrate yearly the EDSA
revolution. Though society is not yet rid of harmful elements, the people have attained
the very gist of democracy and freedom through the event of 1986.
One question remains
unanswered. What if there had been no EDSA revolution?
Before the revolution, three
major factors would have affected the state of the nation had there been no EDSA. First,
the President, Ferdinand Marcos, was suffering from a serious kidney disorder. Sooner or
later, he would have died. Futhermore, the President was at the time, attempting to secure
loans from the International Monetary Fund. In fact, the whole reason why Marcos called
for the snap elections was to show the IMF authorities that the people still had faith in
his government, thus legitimizing the said loan. Finally, the strongest voice of
opposition against tyranny, then-Senator Benigno Aquino, had been assassinated.
The key to the EDSA
revolution was the voice of Aquino's wife, Cory. If she had remained silent on her
controversial defeat during the snap elections, there would probably have been no EDSA.
The status quo would have remained. Marcos would then borrow more money from the
international community, thus further increasing the already staggering amount of foreign
debt. Marcos would continue to usurp the taxes for himself and his cronies' personal
interests. Progress would come at an increasingly slow pace....the Filipino's plight would
be left unheard.
A probable occurrence
following this would be at the time of his death. His Vice-President, Arturo Tolentino,
would have taken over. However, the parties exerting control over the government would be
the ones who would really run the show. After all, in the real chain of command, it was
these men who came in second to Marcos, if not at par with his level of power.
Realistically speaking though, they would have lost a powerful figure in Marcos and not
all of these parties would agree to Tolentino's take-over. The political parties would be
split indefinitely with some factions loyal to Tolentino, and some factions supporting his
Then of course,
there would be Marcos' children. They would inherit their departed father's wealth, and be
among if not the most prominent in the industrial scene of the Philippines, wielding
immense influence in the political arena. Of course, looming behind the entire circle
would be the shadow of their mother, Imelda, the person many believe played an integral
role in the establishment of the Marcos dynasty.
As a result of the
separation of the Marcos family and their associates, an inevitable power struggle would
ensue. For the remainder of Marcos' term, there would be nothing short of a full collapse
of the Philippine economy. The leading businessmen would spend their time sequestering
rival companies. With Tolentino being only a puppet authority figure, those who should
have been working to sustain the policies that Marcos instituted would be concentrating
solely on their own personal gain.
In the Legislative government
branch, Marcos' supporters would be too preoccupied with trying to obtain some semblance
of order between the Marcoses and their former allies that there would be no significant
change in the structure of the law. For the next years until the election, the Filipinos
would be unwilling witnesses to a pitiful game of political cat-and-mouse. Either way, the
opposition against Marcos would have had an opportunity to rally every citizen behind them
to create a militia against pro-Marcos groups. A result would probably be nothing short of
a full civil war costing the lives of millions of innocent Filipinos
EDSA was the event that
triggered a whole change in the system of government, thus bringing an end to nearly
twenty years of tyrannical rule. If EDSA had not taken place, how much longer would the
Filipino people be able to tolerate the injustices being done to them. And if the peaceful
means was not chosen, at what cost would freedom be achieved?