". . .
We are certain that Mr. Marcos has his back against the wall. It is possible then to
displace him without resorting to the use of violence and thereby triggering the cycles of
instability and suppression that his removal seeks to avoid? Those of us who believe in
the peaceful processes know that this is a difficult middle ground to take. But we have to
(from a paper read on October 1, 1985)
B A Y A N
Original Tagalog lyrics by Jose Corazon de Jesus, melody by Constancio de Guzman,
translation by Ed Maranan
S O U N D C L I P 1
Marcos, "Build a new nation"
home > the beginning > the
marcos regime : martial law and the new society
government is assembled to cater to the needs of the people. They are institutions put
together to determine the common good. Be it small organization, or a massive setting such
as a nation, the purpose of a governing body is chiefly to provide service. This service
should manifest itself in the form of the achievement and implementation of programs.
These are programs that benefit and strengthen the welfare of the citizenry.
Sadly, there are instances when the
bodies created to serve become bodies that are served instead. These are unfortunate
circumstances when the fulfillment of tasks becomes the concern of the people instead of
the concern of the government. It is during these tragic instances that the need for
change is demanded. It is during this failure in the institution that the need for reform
surfaces. These are the times that give birth to revolution.
Such was the situation of the
Marcos Era. What started as a government elected to better the situation of the Filipino
became an institution that ended up perpetrating hideous abuses. The protector itself
being the criminal, abusing and maltreating the people responsible for its creation in the
first place. Its leader, a man put in power to oversee the welfare of the people
became a mad dictator concerned only with self-empowerment.
The many injustices
perpetrated during that period of time called many citizens into action. These people
worked to improve the relationship of the citizenry and the government through the pushing
of reforms. However, the corruption of the institution was too great. Soon the valiant
warriors of democracy were struck down. Their dreams for a better society cast down by the
greed and avarice of a single man.
Sooner or later, eyes if the
citizenry were awakened to the abuses, the corruption that for so long it had been acting
The spirit of justice had
been awakened in the Filipino people once more. Like their forefathers before them who
rallied against the tyranny of the Spanish rulers, the people united in a common cause.
Once again, the Filipino people united against insurmountable odds to overthrow the
dictator Marcos. The revolution had been realized.
when change is resisted. Change comes when the existing system becomes inadequate to suit
the needs of its beneficiaries. When the inevitable factor of change is resisted, drastic
measures are taken.
In systems such as the
government institutions, there are only two directions to tread, the way of the people, or
the way to corruption. When the latter is chosen, there can be evolution, where the people
move on to a better government, or revolution, where the said drastic measures are taken
to ensure change. Such measures can insure growth of a nations people and insure
that atrocities perpetrated by the whims of madmen are not repeated to a younger