|19th Century Medicine
The scientific basis for current medical practice was developed during the 19th century, and all of the disciplines--except anatomy--that make up the first two years of medical school were founded.
Henle linked the study of anatomy with the study of biological functions
and created physiology. Robert Virchow created the field of cellular
pathology. Louis Pasteur's experiments, including his famous study
of hydrophobia-rabies, evolved into the field of microbiology, and when
Robert Koch discovered the bacteria that created anthrax, tuberculosis,
and cholera, he created the field of bacteriology.
If you would like to learn more more about 19th Century Medicine the
has some interesting links. (Scroll down the Karolinska page until
you come to the 19th Century section.)