Renaissance stimulated medical practice just as it did all other European
intellectual pursuits. Physicians and scholars began to scientifically
Arabic pharmaceutical practices were studied and improved, and medicines--like laudanum--were developed to stop or reduce pain. Some doctors began to investigate the spread of infectious diseases.
Surgical procedures were also modernized, many as the direct
result of battlefield experiences. Surgeons began to experiment with
ways to ease the suffering of their patients. Amboise Pare revolutionized
surgery when he began to use ligatures to stop bleeding wounds instead
of cauterizing them with boiling oil or red-hot pokers.