Hello and welcome to Amazing HTML's Guide to HTML, before going to a
particular section, we recommend that you read this entire document,
in order to help you better understand this language. Also, please note
that this page is designed to show you how to build a web page, in simple steps,
to learn the language of HTML, these steps must be practiced and reviewed often.
Enjoy the guide....|
Table of Contents
HTML or Hyper Text Markup Language is the basic language in which all web pages, or internet based documents are created in. HTML has quite a long history to it, which we will only briefly talk about. HTML and the internet was made for Military for communications, then Universities started using it. At present, the current version on HTML is 4.0. The language is not very complex, it basically consists of starting a command in between <command> and then ending the command with </command>. In addition, the language is straight forwards, and although there are complex things that can be done with it, basic functions are easy to learn and can make great web pages......
Starting a web page is rather simple, to make a page, simply enter the following commands into a new text file.
<TITLE> your title here
<BODY...> (see below for more about the body command)
That's al there is to it! Basically the <HTML> tag at the begging tells the
web browser that this is an HTML document and to read it as one. The <HEAD>
tag tells the Browser that information about the page, like the page's title
can be found here. The <TITLE> tag begins a place for the title and the
</TITLE> ends it. As for the </HEAD>, it ends the head.
Next up, we will tell you how to add commands to the <BODY> tag, in the <BODY> tag is where the web browser is told everything it will need to know about the structure of the web page. It tells what the link color, what the background color is, what the background image is, and what the text color is. It is also a major place for errors, so make sure you do this part right. Inside the <BODY> tag, the following commands may be placed (note all these tags are optional):
<BODY....> BACKGROUND="backgroundname.gif" The File name of your background.
BGCOLOR="" The Color in the background.
TEXT="" The Text Color.
LINK="" Unvisited Link Color.
VLINK="" Visited Link Color.
ALINK="" Active Link Color.
BGPROPERTIES="fixed | none" Background properties (scrolling or fixed), works with IE only.
In order to even have a simple web page, you have to know how to use the fonts, and this is also pretty simple. To change a font size, there are two different tags that can be used, the h tag, where h1-h6 all produce text of different sizes, with one being the biggest. This tag is simple to use, involves only opening and closing the tag, but is very basic. The Font tag on the other hand uses size=+ or - to specify font size, in numbers 1 - 4. It also allows you to change the font color by adding the tag color="" inside the font tag, and lastly it allows the user to use different styles of fonts by adding the tag face="" also inside the font tag. This tag requires and open and close tag, but the color, size and style need to be specified in the opening part of the tag only.
As for Breaks in Lines, the tag BR starts a new line, and the tag P creates a
whole new paragraph, with black space in between it and the previous paragraph.
Lastly, the Tag HR makes a Horizontal Line across the page, the size of this
can be changed using size=+ or - and any number. Here is a list of the tags:
In HTML, there are two ways to write color names, the first is literally color="green" color="blue" color="white" and so forth... The other way is use the hexadecimal numbers, and those symbols can be found here.
color="FFFFFF" color is black
color="black" color is black
color="000000" color is white
color="white" color is white
The next part of our guide, focuses on alignment of images, text, tables, ect... Aligning things is rather easy, as long as it's done right, and often is done wrong. To align a picture, or table, with in the tag add the tag align= (center, left or right). This can be used in tables, pictures, image maps, and other things of that nature. Below are some alignment tags for other items, but that may also work with images, tables, ect...
center This tag centers the item or text
<p align="right | left | center"> aligns the item on the page
You can also use tables to align images, text and other things on your page.
In order to make a web site with multiple pages, or to link to other sites, you must know how to make a link. Links are rather simple when they reach internal or exterior pages, but when they are in the same page, they become harder. There is also mailto links, that allow people to send you mail by clicking on the link.
Images are actually rather simple to add to your web page. Basically all you have to do is call them up to your web page, just like you would call up a link. But, unlike a link, they appear instantly.
<img...> adds and image to your page
src="image.name" specifies the image (must be included)
align="center | left | right" aligns the image horizontally
valign="right | top | left" aligns the image vertically
border="" decides the border for the image (use o with linked images)
alt="[image name]" makes text in case the image doesn't load
Now for the harder stuff; Tables. Tables are useful in organizing information into specific columns. As long as you do the correct code, at all times for tables, they are relatively easy to master. But note, that each section of a table needs it's own code, and it never hurts to use more than one table, if you want a space in between rows.
<Table..> Begins a table
aligns= aligns the table
BGCOLOR="" background color for the table
BORDER= border thickness, sometimes large borders look nice too
CELLPADDING= space between the border and contents of the table
CELLSPACING= space between parts of the table
WIDTH= table width
<tr..> create one line on a table
BGCOLOR="" the background color of the part
VALIGN= aligns the info. within the part
<td> starts a cell (individual part of the table, for data/ pictures)
Table cell information
</td> ends the cell
</tr> ends the table line
</table> ends the table
Forms are probably the most difficult thing in HTML, that this guide covers. However, they are simple, one you get the jist of them. Just make sure that you use the correct method and post, or your form won't do anything...
<FORM....> Starts a form
ACTION="" what happens to the form, when submitted (usually mailto:your@email)
METHOD="post or get" tells the form how to process (post will work fine mostly).
<INPUT...> makes a input form
NAME="" field name (useful when reading the form)
SIZE= size of the form field
MAXLENGTH= the maximum amount of characters that can be entered
TYPE="text, password, check box, radio, submit or rest" indicates the type of box
CHECKED indicates that the check box is checked
<Select> indicates a select list
<OPTION..> A drop down list of items (use one for every item)
SELECTED indicates that this item is selected by default
SIZE= the size of the box
</SELECT> ends select list
<TEXTAREA..> starts ad large text field
COLS= number of columns
ROWS= number of rows
NAME="" indicates the name
</TEXTAREA> Ends the TEXTAREA
</FORM> Ends the form