FTP programs are what you use to send your pages to the internet, they are for the most part simple programs that everyone can use. For our tutorial, we used ws-ftp which you may download, free of charge at http://www.ipswitch.com/products/. Before you try any of this, make sure your ftp program is installed and make sure you have all your server information near by.
This first step is creating an new profile and entering your server information. Your host Name/address is the server you connect to, such as ftp.geocities.com, members.aol.com or www.yourdomain.com. There is no ftp:// or http:// needed in this field. The next field, host type may be left to automatic detect, unless you know what type of server you're running off of. User ID is your login name, password is your password. Click only the save password button if no one else uses the computer or if you do not care about your account being accessed by anyone from your machine. Most servers do not require anything in the account field, if your server does just enter it.
The next step is to make any files you want uploaded and then to upload them. To upload, select the directory you want your files in and click the arrow or upload button (-->). This will upload the file, do not try uploading anything else or doing anything else in the ftp program until the status part of the ftp program tells you that the upload complete (code 226).
Once you have uploaded and downloaded many things, you will find the processes rather simple. In fact most everything about FTP programs is simple. If you want to refresh the directory list, hit the refresh button. To rename, hit the rename button and to delete hit the delete button. You can make a directory with the MKDir button and so forth. The only confusing part is chmoding. Chmoding is setting permissions, like readable and writeable. It is required for all unix servers for files that need to be run like cgi programs and files that need to be written to like data files. To chmod a file, click the file with your first mouse button, then with your second. A drop down list will appear, select chmod(unix) which is near the bottom. Once you select it, a dialog box will appear.
When this box appears, select the proper check boxes for each code. For example, chdmoing +777 (for data files and other files that need to be written to and accessed), select every box there is. For Read only, just the first three boxes. For execute (755), select the boxes like shown below. Besides that, just guess around a bit, until you find the command you want.
After you have learned to chmod and upload and rename and delete and do everything else, you will find that that is about all there is to do. If you want to execute all the commands yourself, contact your ISP about getting a UNIX shell and mess around with that. If you have a question, feel free to email us or post it on our message board.
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