How the U.S. Justice System is Arranged
The Justice System of the United States is an institution that steeles
legal disputes and administers justice and is made up of two seperate
courts, the federal and state. Courts resolve situations involving
individuals, organizations, and goverments. They also decide the innocence
or guilt of a person acused of a crime.
The Federal Court System
The Federal Court handles both criminal and civil cases
the constitution and federal laws. They also handle cases between people of
different states or groups from other countries or their citizens,
bankruptcy actions, and cases of infringed patent and copyrights.
The Federal Court System includes
District Courts, Courts of Appeals, and the Supreme
The District Courts are courts that hear
the most cases involving a violation of Federal Law.
The Courts of
Appeals reviews appeals from district court and decisions made by
certain federal agencies.
The Supreme Court is the "High
Court of the Land". A person who has lost a case in the highest State Court
or the District Court may appeal the Supreme Court, but it refuses to
review many of the appealed cases.
The Federal Court System also includes several specialized
United States Claims Court - Hears cases of claims against the
Court of International Trade - Settles disputes involving import
Tax Courts - Appeals of tax payers ordered to pay additional
Military Courts - Courts that rule over offenses by members of the
Court of Military Appeals - Reviews court-martial rulings.
The State Court System
In the State Court System their are two levels of courts. The higher level
and the lower level. The higher level are called General Jurisdiction
Courts and the lower level are called Limited Jurisdiction
General Jurisdiction Courts
These courts are know as Circuit Courts, Superior Courts and
Courts of Common. These courts handle both civil and criminal
trials. Another general jurisdiction court is the Intermediate Appeals
Court, this court handles appeals from the other high courts. The
absolute highest state court is called the Supreme Court.
Limited Jurisdiction Courts
The Limited Jurisdiction Courts are lower then the General Jurisdiction
Courts and handle smaller cases. Their are three main section of this
court. The courts that handle minor civil and criminal cases are the
Police Courts, Magistrate's Courts, County Courts and
Justices of the Peace. The court that handles cases involving small
amounts of money is the Small Claims Court. Courts that handle cases
involving cases over inheritance disputes and wills are Probate or
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