- Beginning of 1800s: Sir Stamford Raffles and
William Farquhar were searching for a
- 1819, 29 Jan: Raffles with Farquhar reached
Singapore and had a discussion with the
- 1819, 6 Feb: Sultan Hussein and the
Temenggong signed a treaty with Raffles and
this was followed by a short ceremony, which
marked the founding of modern Singapore.
- 1822: Raffles drew a Town Plan to reorganise
the settlement because Singapore had grown in
a disorderly manner.
- 1800s: Singapore was engaged in entrepot
trade while the Industrial Revolution took
- 1826-1858: The E.I.C. ruled the Straits
Settlements, which consists of Penang,
Malacca, and Singapore.
- 1829: In order to finance a hospital for the
people in Singapore, the government imposed
taxes on meat.
- 1830s: Chinese planters opened plantations
which cultivated pepper and gambier.
- 1840-1850: Planters set up their plantations
in Johor and closed down the plantations in
Singapore because of the infertile land.
- 1843-71: Thomas Dunman became the Police
Chief in Singapore.
- 1843-1844: Hajjah Fatimah Mosque was built.
Not long after that, Tan Tock Seng Hospital
was also built.
- 1852: New Harbour was built in order to cope
with the trading activities. This harbour was
- 1858-67: Commercial Square was renamed
Raffles Place. Singapore was now under the
rule of the Government of India.
- 1867-1900: Singapore was now under the rule
of the Colonial Office in London and Straits
Settlements was part of the Crown Colony.
- 1877: Chinese Protectorate was set up and
William Pickering was the first of the
- 1889: The Queens Scholarship was set
- 1892: Sikh policemen were employed when the
Tanjong Pagar Police Station opened.
- 1900: The New Harbour was renamed Keppel
- 1905: Local doctors were trained in the
- 1912: Singapore Harbour Board was set up.
- 1915: Two major incidents happened in
Singapore due to the World War 1. Sepoys in
Singapore rebelled the British in Singapore,
this rebellion was known as Sepoy Mutiny. A
German warship (Emden) sailed to Singapore
and opened fire at the port in Penang.
- The people in Singapore feared that the
Emdens next aim is Singapore. The price
of the food in Singapore rose as people were
stocking up their houses with food.
- 1930s: British started constructing a naval
base in northern part of Singapore.
- 1937: Japan invaded Beijing, Shanghai and
other parts of China. The Chinese in
Singapore donated money, food supplies and
help in defending China against Japanese.
- 1938: The naval base in Singapore was
- 1940: Japan joined the Axis Powers after
World War 2 started.
- 1941: Japan was invading Burma, Malaya, Malay
Archipelago and Philippines.
- 1942: British lost control of Malaya and the
Allied soldiers escaped to Singapore. The
causeway between Singapore and Malaysia was
blown up in order to slow down
Japaneses advancement on 31st of Jan.
Japanese troops cross the Strait of Johor and
landed on Singapore on 9th of Feb.
- 1942, 11th of Feb: Allied were fighting to
protect Bukit Timah as there was a reservoir
which was a vital water resource to the
British. Lt. Adnan Bin Saidi and the Malay
Regiment fought against the Japanese at Pasir
- 1942, 15th of Feb: British surrendered
Singapore to the Japanese.
- 1944: Mr. Lim Bo Seng, the leader of an
anti-Japanese group, Force 136, was captured
by the Japanese and was tortured to death in
- 1945: Japanese surrendered after the
Americans dropped two atomic bombs. One of
them was dropped on Hiroshima and three days
later, the second was dropped on Nagasaki.
The British returned to Singapore.
- 1947: this year was known as "Year of
Strikes" because there were many strikes
in Singapore in that year.
- 1948: The British declared Malaya and
Singapore were in the state of Emergency
because of the communists problems. Singapore
had its first election. Six seats from the
Legislative Council were to be elected.
- 1951: Second election took place.
- 1954: A political party, the Labour Front,
was formed. It was led by David Marshall. A
riot broke out when the British announced
compulsory national service.
- 1955: Singapore was given limited
self-government. The Labour Front won in the
election held. David Marshall became
Singapores first Chief Minister.
- 1956: David Marshall went to London to ask
for full self-government for Singapore but he
failed. Lim Yew Hock then became the Chief
- 1957: Lim Yew Hock also went to London to
request full self-government for Singapore.
As Lim Yew Hock had successfully controlled
the riots in Singapore and the British was
happy about it, British agreed to give
Singapore full self-government.
- 1959: Lee Kuan Yews Peoples
Action Party (PAP) won the election and so he
became the First Prime Minister in Singapore.
Yusof Ishak was made the Head of State of
- 1959: Zubir Said composed Singapores
National Anthem (Majulah Singapura).
- 1960: Housing Development Board was setup.
- 1961: The Prime Minister of Malaya suggested
merger to form the Federation of Malaysia
consisting of Singapore, Malaya, Sabah,
Sarawak and Brunei. All the countries except
Brunei signed the Malaysia Agreement.
- 1963: Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yee and the
ministers declared Singapores
independence. Malaysia was formed.
- 1964: Singapore was put on curfew because of
a riot between Malays and Chinese. There was
a Home Ownership Scheme for the citizens in
- 1965: Malaysia wanted to give Malays special
rights but the PAP in Singapore wanted
Malaysian Malaysia. To prevent more conflicts
between the Chinese and Malays, Singapore was
separated from Malaysia. Singapore became
independent and was admitted into the United
- 1967: The Civilian Memorial was built.
Singapore had its own currency. Singapore
became part of the Southeast Asian Nations.
- 1979: Singapore became the worlds
second busiest port.
- 1981: The construction of the Singapore
Changi Airport was complete.
- 1990: Another terminal was built in Changi
Airport. MRT (Mass Rapid Transit) system was
completed. Goh Chock Tong became the second
Prime Minister of Singapore.
- 1993: Mr. Ong Teng Cheong became the first