Do you know who founded Singapore?
Sir Stamdord Raffles
Major William Farquhar
It is none other than Sir
Stamford Raffles. In the early 1800s, Raffles felt
that Britain needed another port for trading. With Major William Farquhar, he started
searching for a suitable place for the port.
Raffles Chose Singapore because:
- She had lots of fresh drinking water.
- She lay on the main trade route between China and
- She had a natural deep harbour appropriate for
Big Ships to anchor.
Came Under British Rule
- On the 28th of Jan 1819, Raffles with his British
fleet reached St. Johns Island.
- On the 29th of Jan 1819, Raffles and Farquhar
reached Singapore. They went to see the
Temenggong, the chief of this island. Raffles
asked permission from the Temenggong to setup a
British settlement here.
- The Temenggong was willing to do that but he did
not have the power to give Raffles Sultan of
Johor (Malaya), Tengku Hussein, permission.
Raffles then seek the Sultan for help.
- On the 6th of Feb 1819, Raffles set up a tent at
the Padang and made Tengku Hussein the new Sultan
of Johor. The Sultan and Temenggong signed a
treaty with British, which allowed British to
setup a settlement on the island, and in return,
both Sultan and Temenggong would receive a big
sum of money from the British every year.
- The short flag-raising ceremony marked the
founding of the modern Singapore.