Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727)Isaac Newton was born in Lincolnshire, near Grantham, on December 25, 1642, and died at Kensington, London, on March 20, 1727. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and lived there from 1661 until 1696, during which time he produced the bulk of his work in mathematics; in 1696 he was appointed to a professorship at Cambridge, which is, in fact, the same fellowship that Stephen Hawking holds today. He then moved to London, where he until his death in 1727.
Newton is responsible for many of the major foundations of modern-day math and science. Newton's first and most important work Principia Mathematica outlined the principles of Calculus. Newton is also responsible for mechanics in physics and all of what is known as Newtonian physics. Some of Newton's later work involved the study of Optics and Analytic Geometry.