Scorer's Notation Guide
This section goes over how the games are scored and the person who's doing the work.
How the Games are Scored
Scoring the game is more than just writing down the number of runs each team has. There are many things that need to be written down. The following is a list of events that should be recorded:
Getting a walk to first because of four balls or interference
Getting hit by the ball
Times at bat (sacrifice hits do not count)
Scoring a run
Batting in a run
Getting a safe hit
Hitting a double, triple, or home run
Hitting a home run with bases loaded
Hitting a sacrifice bunt or sacrifice fly
Pitching a full or partial inning
Pitching to specific batters
Striking out a batter
Allowing hits (sacrifice and not) or runs (both earned and unearned)
Allowing a home run
Walking a batter (intentional and non)
Hitting a batter with a pitch
Throwing a wild pitch
Making a putout
Making an assist
Being part of a double or triple play
Making an error
Missing a pitch/passed balls (catchers only)
Stealing a base
Getting caught stealing a base
Getting extra bases from walks
Getting left on base at the end of an inning
Name of the winning and losing pitchers
Name of the pitcher with the save (if any)
Name of the starting and finishing pitchers on both teams
Name of the umpires
Scores for each team by inning
When the winning run is scored, the number of outs left
Time taken to play the game
Who Scores the Games
The person in charge of scoring the game is, in fact, not the umpire. Instead, the scorer is someone appointed by the league.
The scorer gets a comfy spot in a press box from which they observe the game.
It's the scorer's job to keep track of all those things listed above, and what a job that is.
The scorer is the only person who rules such things as whether a batter's advancement is due to an error or not.
All decisions concerning judgment calls made by the scorer must be made before twenty four hours.
After each game, the scorer has to fill out a form describing the game just played.
The scorer tells the umpire if teams are changing sides before three outs, but has to keep his mouth shut when players bat out of their turn.