"Mobility impairments can cover a great number of disabilities or conditions in this broad category. People become paraplegics or quadriplegics through accidents most often but mobility impairment could also be due to a person having been born with cerebral palsy, where this condition severely limits movement of both legs and arms. People who have diabetes will become mobility impaired if they start to have problem with their circulation due to the ravaging effects of diabetes itself. Multiple sclerosis hits young adults in similar ways. With polio the muscles in your arms and legs become weakened so that they do not function enough to help you move about freely like most other individuals. I would say that mobility impairments are the result of any number of disabling conditions, which will either limit or completely eliminate the use of a person's lower and often times upper limbs also, either by lack of coordination, weakness, poor circulation, or by paralysis."
- Quote from Carol Banks (Founder and Co- Moderator of the ADVOCACY List)
Cerebral Palsy - A disorder usually occurring before or after birth that relates to bad coordination and involuntary movements of the muscles.
Hemiplegia- is the paralysis of one side of the body as a result of a stroke or traumatic brain injury and should not be confused with paraplegia or quadriplegia. With quadriplegia and paraplegia the brain is not affected. With hemiplegia, there may be an impairment of intellect, personality, speech or senses.
Multiple Sclerosis - A disorder of the nervous system that attacks the brain and spinal cord and causes deterioration of the nerve tissue. Usually associated with paralysis, muscle spasms, disorders of speech, and tremors of the hand.
Paralysis - Loosing feeling in certain parts of the body and not be able to move these parts of the body.
Paraplegic- the paralysis of the lower extremities and part or all of the trunk muscles. Usually there is a loss of sensation in paralysed limbs and other effects such as muscle spasms, pain and loss of bowel and bladder control.
Polio - A disease that kills nerve tissue in the spinal cord, which causes a high fever, paralysis of different muscles.
Quadriplegia- occurs when there is damage to the spinal cord in the Cervical Region. This will cause impairment to the hands and arms in addition to the effects of paraplegia.