Id al-Adha is the other important Islamic
festival. It is celebrated during the Hajj. The Hajj is a religious pilgrimage
taken during the last month of the Islamic year. It is a pilgrimage to Mecca.
The pilgrimage to Mecca is an obligation to all Muslims to be performed
at least once a year. The Hajj consists of traveling to Mecca, Medina, Mina,
the Plain of Arafat, and Muzdalifah. The total travel time is generally
There are several customary rituals performed during Hajj.
At Mecca, pilgrims are given Zamzam water as a gift to take back to their families. It is considered to be very holy. Anyone who has successfully completed the Hajj is known as a "Hajji".
The festival 'Id al-Adha represents the day when Abraham was ready to sacrifice his son in the name of God. This festival is celebrated after the Hajj. Pilgrims are required to sacrifice an animal, usually a lamb, at the sacrificial altar. The main course of the meal eaten during 'Id al-Adha usually comes from the animal that was sacrificed. Additional items on the menu include other meats, breads, and a special type of rice called biriyani.
Above: Islamic prayer beads are used for counting prayers that are chanted while circling the Kaba.
Above: Chicken biriyani is one of the foods eaten during the 'Id al-Adha celebrations