Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Benjamin Gitlow, a member of a radical faction of the Socialist Party, was charged with violating the New York State Criminal Anarchy Act of 1902 for writing "The Revolutionary Age" and the "Left Wing Manifesto." He appealed, claiming that the Act violated the "due process clause" of the Fourteenth Amendment and his rights to freedom of speech and press under the First Amendment. The Court ruled that the Act did neither of these things. However, in their ruling, the Supreme Court incorporated the freedoms of speech and press, beginning two decades worth of cases which ultimately incorporated the entire First Amendment and many others.
Copyright © 1997 Jonathan Chin & Alan Stern