James Abram Garfield
(1831 - 1881 )
Who was James Garfield ?
James A. Garfield was born in Ohio. In order to get an education, he earned money by driving canal boat teams. After graduating from Williams College, he began teaching at the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute of Ohio. His political career begain in 1859 when he was elected to the Ohio Senate. As the Civil War began, Garfield served as an officer in the Union army. In 1880, Garfield was nominated as a "dark horse" candidate for presidency.
President Garfield's legacy was the elimination of corruption within the Stalwart Republican party, led by Senator Roscoe Conkling. Senator Conkling had been using his influence to put his friends into political positions. Garfield managed to shut Conkling down. Unfortunately, Garfield was shot just six months into his Presidency by Charles J. Guiteau. Garfield died not from the wound, but from lack of proper medical care.
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