Music seems to be a primal love of people. It seems that as new ways were found to make music news of their development spread quickly. So there are ancient drums, harps and whistles in Asia that look very similar to ancient instruments in Africa, Europe and the Americas. Many modern instruments are refinements of these very primitive instruments. It is only with the development of electronics that the method of making music has dramatically changed.
make sounds by pushing air through a vessel, usually a cylinder
make sounds when tightly stretched strings are vibrated
are made from materials that naturally make pleasant or interesting sounds
make sounds when a stretched membrane vibrates, usually after it is hit